HIV/AIDS Information


A new HIV/AIDS programming guide for radio program producers is now available. Designed to provide ideas about longer form programs such as talk shows, documentaries, news and magazine programs that expand the key themes of the YOU campaign, the guide follows the unfolding saga of the mini radio drama series Can Tru Luv Withstand the Test? The series, now in its second year, follows the daily lives of a group of twenty-somethings as they navigate their way through the challenges of early adulthood. The current series focus specifically on themes of gender equity, stigma reduction, HIV-testing, and multiple concurrent partnerships.

To access the Programming Guide in Arabic, English, French or Portuese click on the appropriate link below.
To hear episodes of Can Tru Luv Withstand the Test? click here


> Edu-drama Guide - Arabic
> Edu-drama Guide - English
> Edu-drama Guide - French
> Edu-drama Guide - Portuguese




Reporting Manual on HIV/AIDS

This reporting guide is designed for journalists who are covering the global epidemic for the first time and for those who have covered it previously.

The Kaiser Family Foundation undertook this project as part of its continuing commitment to supporting good journalism and to combating HIV/AIDS through public education and awareness.

> Full Reporting Manual

Multiple and concurrent sexual partners: What’s culture got to do with it? A Handbook For Journalists

While the media has many roles – including to inform, to entertain and to be a public watchdog – its greatest challenge is to reflect the lives of its readers, listeners and viewers. The impact of AIDS has led to calls for a special role for the media in covering the epidemic. The media, through its representation of society, helps define perceptions of cultural norms. Through critical reporting, asking questions and seeking stories beyond the popular headlines, reporters can stimulate debate and challenge these perceptions. This booklet is published by the Soul City Institute for the OneLove in South Africa.

> Full Reporting Manual

Sibangaki Kuwe? 2 is 2 Many

This book explains why having many partners puts one at risk. The book provides suggestions for people to do in their community to contribute to social change. This book was written and produced by Soul City: Institute for Health and Development Communication as part of the OneLove campaign.

> Full Reporting Manual

Training Guide for the Production and Broadcast of entertainment-education serial dramas for HIV prevention.

This guide is designed to be used by journalists and media personnel to plan and execute the production and broadcast of entertainment-education serial dramas for HIV prevention. It focuses on the social-content (educational) portion of such programmes and describes strategies that can overcome cultural and informational barriers to accessing health services.

The guide provides a detailed explanation of a methodology created by Miguel Sabido, which has been proven to successfully reach and change the behaviour of large numbers of people. It takes a step-by-step approach, from research through monitoring and evaluation.

> Full Training Guide

The State of the Epidemic, the Changing Response & the Prognosis

25 years of HIV

Reflecting on how far we have come scientifically since isolating HIV in 1983, Anthony S. Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) at the US National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Maryland, and chief of the NIAID Laboratory of Immunoregulation, urges a renewed commitment to the far greater challenges ahead, especially that of vaccine development.

> View Article

Know the Facts about HIV/AIDS

> The State of the Epidemic, the Changing Response & the Prognosis > How well does HIV survive outside the body?
> What is HIV? > Where did HIV come from?
> What is AIDS? > How many people have HIV/AIDS?
> How is HIV detected? > What HIV/AIDS statistics are the most reliable?
> How does HIV cause AIDS? > What do endemic, epidemic and pandemic mean?
> Why do some people make statements that HIV does not cause AIDS? > What is ARV?
> How long does it take for HIV to cause AIDS? > What is HAART?
> What are some of the symptoms of HIV infection and AIDS? > What is drug resistance?
> Is there a cure for HIV/AIDS? > What is ABC in terms of HIV prevention?
> What is the link between HIV and tuberculosis? > What is the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria?
> What is the link between HIV and sexually transmitted diseases? > What is the 3 by 5 Initiative?
> How is HIV transmitted? > What is absorptive capacity?
> Which body fluids transmit HIV? > How many women in the world today are living with HIV?
> How is HIV not transmitted? > Why are young women at a higher risk of HIV infection than young men?
> How can HIV transmission be prevented? > What factors make women more vulnerable?
> How effective are latex condoms in preventing HIV? > What social and cultural factors make women more vulnerable?
> Why is injection drug use a risk for HIV transmission? > What economic factors make women more vulnerable?
> Are health care workers at risk of getting HIV on the job? > What biological factors make women more vulnerable?
> Are patients in a health care setting at risk of getting HIV? > What female-initiated preventive technologies already exist?
> Can HIV be transmitted through casual contact? > What new preventive technologies are in development?
> Can HIV be transmitted through mosquitoes?    


  • CDC Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention's Frequently Asked Questions About HIV and AIDS
  • IAVI's FAQ: Women and HIV/AIDS
  • Kaiser Journalism Briefings on HIV/AIDS Reporting
  • NIH How HIV Causes AIDS and The Evidence That HIV Causes AIDS
  • UNAIDS Questions & Answers, November 2004

Public Opinion and HIV/AIDS: Facing Up to the Future?

Across fifteen countries surveyed in Round 2 of the Afrobarometer, our data indicate that large proportions of people (especially in East and Southern Africa) have either lost family or friends to AIDS, or suffer under the burdens of AIDS by caring for sick family members or orphans. Yet despite exposure to the pandemic, we find that ordinary Africans have not yet grasped its full collective social, economic or political significance. Poor people demote AIDS to a low priority problem behind more immediately pressing concerns like jobs or hunger. Citizens are undecided about whether their governments should divert scarce resources from these and other important priorities to fight the AIDS epidemic in their country.

The Afrobarometer is an independent, nonpartisan research project that measures the social, political and economic atmosphere in Africa. Afrobarometer surveys are conducted in more that a dozen African countries and are repeated on a regular cycle. To read more on this series, click here.

UNAIDS/WHO AIDS Epidemic Update: December 2006

The annual AIDS epidemic update reports on the latest developments in the global AIDS epidemic. Sub-Saharan remains the most affected region in the world. Two thirds of all people living with HIV live in this region––24.7 million people in 2006.

Almost three quarters of all adult and child deaths due to AIDS occurred in sub-Saharan Africa––2.1 million of the global 2.9 million deaths due to AIDS.

With maps and regional summaries, the 2006 edition provides the most recent estimates of the epidemic’s scope and human toll, explores new trends in the epidemic’s evolution.

> Website
> Fact Sheet - Global Facts
> Fact Sheet - AIDS Epidemic in Sub-Saharan Africa
> Complete Report - English
> Complete Report - Français

Global Health Reporting and Global Health Facts

These websites – and – provide timely news summaries, information and global data on HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria for journalists and others.

Get in-depth information and resources on HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria for each country.

> Algeria > Djibouti > Madagascar > Sierra Leone
> Angola > Egypt > Malawi > Somalia
> Benin > Equatorial Guinea > Mali > South Africa
> Botswana > Eritrea > Mauritania > Sudan
> Burkina Faso > Ethiopia > Mauritius > Swaziland
> Burundi > Gabon > Morocco > Tanzania
> Cameroon > Gambia > Mozambique > Togo
> Cape Verde > Ghana > Namibia > Tunisia
> Central Africa Republic > Guinea > Niger > Uganda
> Chad > Guinea-Bissau > Nigeria > Zambia
> Congo-Brazzaville > Kenya > Rwanda > Zimbabwe
> Côte d'Ivoire > Lesotho > Senegal    
> Democratic Rep. of Congo > Liberia > Seychelles    

Fact Sheet: The HIV/AIDS Epidemic in Sub-Saharan Africa

This fact sheet provides an overview of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Sub-Saharan Africa.

> Website

Fact Sheet: The Global HIV/AIDS Epidemic

This updated fact sheet provides the latest data on the global HIV/AIDS epidemic, including impact by region, on women and young people, and data on the global response.

> Website

The Caribbean Broadcast Media Partnership on HIV/AIDS (CBMP)

The Caribbean Broadcast Media Partnership on HIV/AIDS (CBMP) is an unprecedented coalition of 43 major Caribbean commercial and public broadcast companies. The CBMP represents an unprecedented collaboration by leading broadcasters in the Caribbean to develop a coordinated regional public awareness campaign on HIV/AIDS. The Partnership is unique because the media companies themselves drive the development of the campaign. Broadcasters have also made a significant financial commitment by pledging concrete programming assets – up to 12 minutes per day – for placement of campaign materials. The commitment of broadcasters is defined by an alignment of interests and expectations; airtime is not purchased for placement of HIV/AIDS messaging. As visible and influential opinion leaders in their respective communities, the media’s active engagement in the fight against HIV/AIDS also sends a powerful signal to policymakers and other stakeholders about the importance of a collaborative response to the epidemic.

> Website
> CBMP Members

LIVE UP: Love. Protect. Respect.

The LIVE UP campaign was developed by the CBMP with support from a regional advisory committee of media and HIV/AIDS experts. It is the first media-led campaign on HIV/AIDS to reach across the entire Caribbean and includes new specially-produced television and radio public service ads (PSAs), rights-free long-form programming, and informational materials for CBMP broadcasters to employ in their outreach efforts. Emphasizing personal action, LIVE UP links people together with one message of hope and possibility and inspires everyone to consider what is within their power to stem the spread of HIV/AIDS.

Television Producers on HIV and AIDS

The Global Network of Young TV Producers on HIV and AIDS involves the participation of broadcasting organizations in Africa, Asia Pacific, Latin America and the Caribbean, and Europe. The capacity building project aims to improve the professional competence of young television producers reporting on HIV and AIDS but also mobilizes long-term commitment of regional and sub-regional broadcasting and media training organizations in support of the prevention, treatment, and care of HIV and AIDS.

HIV/AIDS in Africa – ACTafrica – The World Bank Program

To support implementation of its HIV/AIDS strategy, the World Bank has established a multisectoral
AIDS Campaign Team for Africa – ACTafrica. The team serves as the region's focal point and clearinghouse on HIV/AIDS and provides a variety of services, including:

  • Supporting implementation of the Multi-Country HIV/AIDS Program for Africa (MAP) program;
  • Supporting African countries through knowledge dissemination and exchange;
  • Mainstreaming HIV/AIDS into the Bank's work in multiple sectors;
  • Supporting Bank country teams in addressing HIV/AIDS in their country assistance strategies;
  • Building HIV/AIDS impact assessment into existing environmental and/or social assessment processes;
  • Strengthening and expanding the Bank's partnership with UNAIDS, as well as with key agencies, non-governmental organizations, and donors.

> Learn more about the World Bank ’s MAP program

African Medical & Research Foundation

Founded in 1957, AMREF is the only international health development NGO that has its headquarters in Africa, and 97% of the staff are African. AMREF implements projects to learn, and shares that learning with others to advocate for changes in health policy and practice. AMREF aims to close the gap that prevents people from accessing their basic right to health.

> Website
> Focus on HIV/AIDS

The U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (Emergency Plan/PEPFAR)

The U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (Emergency Plan/PEPFAR) is the largest commitment ever by any nation for an international health initiative dedicated to a single disease

-- a five-year, $15 billion, multifaceted approach to combating the disease around the world. Through the Emergency Plan, the U.S. Government is working with international, national and local leaders worldwide to support integrated prevention, treatment and care programs.
The Emergency Plan supports the multisectoral national responses in host nations through the principles known as the "Three Ones": - one national plan, one national coordinating authority, and one national monitoring and evaluation system. Rather than mandating that all contributors do the same things in the same ways, the Three Ones facilitate complementary and efficient action in support of host nations.

> See countries in Sub-Saharan Africa where PEPFAR has initiatives

Afrique Santé

Based in France, this French-language site produces radio and television programs on health issues, including HIV/AIDS.

> Website

Journalists Against AIDS (JAAIDS) Nigeria

Website offers HIV/AIDS information for the following West African countries: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Côte d'Ivoire, Gabon, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Liberia, Mauritania, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo. Also contains information on the media and HIV/AIDS in Africa, links, and the Nigeria-AIDS eForum. In English and French.


> Website, an online resource for non-partisan, timely, and in-depth coverage of health policy developments, debates, and discussions, provides summaries of the latest HIV/AIDS health press coverage as well as transcripts and live and archived webcasts of issue-based briefings and other health events.

> Website

South Africa's national HIV prevention programme for youth combines country-wide HIV prevention services for young people through government clinics, schools and community-based outreach programs with a sustained high profile multi-media HIV/AIDS education campaign. loveLife's media materials are available rights free on request.

> Website

Soul City

Soul City (a long running South African public health edutainment series) aims to adapt Soul City media (TV, radio and print) in 8 sub-saharan African countries and to provide systematic training in the development of a multi-media health initiative. Soul City is currently working with local partners in Lesotho, Swaziland, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia and Malawi and is in the process of finding appropriate partners in Zimbabwe and Mozambique. Each local partner will identify core Soul City material (radio, TV, and print) that they wish to adapt in their country.

> Website